Developer Guide on TikTok API Error Handling

Discover how to effectively handle TikTok API errors and keep your applications up and running. Learn more about the standard error types. 

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Pulling data through TikTok API might produce different errors. 

To configure APIs for error handling, you need to understand these errors contextually. This article will take you through the error messages you might encounter and how to handle them better. 

We will dive into the nitty-gritty, but first, let’s get a lay of the land. 

What’s error handling? 

When a software application encounters an error, the response and recovery process that comes into play is error handling. It includes managing both communication and programming errors to maintain normal program execution. 

Let’s dive into TikTok APIs and see what error handling looks like in this context.

Overview of TikTok API

The TikTok application programming interface (API) allows developers to interact with TikTok's platform. With its help, creating applications that can access TikTok's content and features becomes easier. 

The API lets developers retrieve public TikTok content, like videos and user profiles. It means the apps can show TikTok videos or information about TikTok users. Developers can use APIs to configure their applications to post content directly on TikTok. It helps users who share content from other apps to their TikTok accounts. 

You can use the API to analyze data and see how well your content performs. For example, seeing how many people watched a video. TikTok API makes this possible. 

Related Read:

TikTok API offers tools for analyzing data. Developers can track how well their content performs on TikTok, like seeing how many people watched a video.

Although TikTok provides good documentation to configure and work with API, dealing with error codes is puzzling. 

Using TikTok API effectively while managing errors can help you develop powerful applications that work with TikTok.

Importance of Error Handling in API Integration

Error handling is crucial to API integration while building reliable and user-friendly applications. It makes sure the application can gracefully manage and respond to problems that may arise. 

It keeps the application stable when a crashing issue occurs. Error handling ensures the app maintains its functionality rather than breaking down completely. When contextualizing these errors, you can provide clear and helpful messages rather than bizarre cryptic codes. It helps you develop user-friendly applications. 

With a proper process, developers can get a hang of what went wrong and fix it. Suppose an error occurs during data transfer. You can configure the application to take steps to avoid any data corruption and maintain data integrity. 

Below are a few notable situations that further build on the importance of error handling.

  • Handling unpredictable situations: The external APIs can sometimes behave unpredictably due to various factors like network issues, server overloads, or changes in the API itself. Error handling helps you smoothly deal with such situations.
  • Building trust: User trust applications that can manage errors without crashes. It discusses your priority toward developing more stable and reliable apps. A well-handled mistake can be the difference between an application that feels professional and unreliable.

Common TikTok API Errors

When using the TikTok API, you might encounter some common errors. Understanding these errors can help you troubleshoot and fix issues more quickly. Here are a few you might come across:

  • Rate limit exceeds: TikTok limits how often you can use their API to prevent overloading their system. If you hit this limit, you'll need to wait a bit before making more requests.
  • Timestamp expires: TikTok uses timestamps to keep requests fresh and avoid delays and repetition. If you get this error, check your system's clock and ensure it's accurate.
  • TikTok API authentication errors: These happen when there's a problem with how your application is logging in to the TikTok API. It could be due to incorrect credentials, like a wrong API key or an issue with the authentication method. Double-check your login details and the authentication process you're using.

Understanding these errors can save you time and frustration. Don't worry if you see one; they're common and usually fixable. 

Below are a few common TikTok API error codes you might come across. 

  • 00000: or just (0) seems the same as status 200.
  • 200: Good response.
  • 10202: Page not found. It’s something like a 404 HTTP status code.
  • 10201: Invalid entity or invalid parameter, like when count is higher than 50 in item_list request.
  • 10221: Invalid profile.
  • 10000: Captcha is shown, but the JSON response is formatted differently. The structure is “{'code': 10000}” and has a few other data points. 
  • 10215 and 10217:  Video is currently unavailable.
  • 10216: Video is private

Check out this GitHub page for more information if you don’t find your error code here. 

Download our detailed guide on how to leverage TikTok's APIs to build winning features for your product

Best Practices for TikTok API Error Handling

These best practices will help you develop robust, user-friendly applications with effective error handling. 

  • Understand error codes: Familiarize yourself with the common error codes that the TikTok API returns. Understand what each code means and the typical scenarios in which they occur. It would help you troubleshoot issues more effectively. 
  • Implement thorough logging: Keep detailed logs of the interactions with the API. Track requests sent, the responses received, and any errors. This showcases patterns in error 

and allows for easy debugging. 

  • Use exponential backoff for retries: If you encounter errors like rate limits or server issues, implement an exponential backoff strategy. Wait longer periods between each retry to reduce the load on the API server and increase the chance of a successful request.
  • Graceful degradation: Design applications to degrade gracefully in case of API failures. For example, if certain TikTok features are unavailable, the app should still function in a limited capacity instead of completely failing.
  • Provide clear user feedback: When an error occurs, inform the user with a clear and non-technical message. Avoid showing raw error codes or messages, which can be confusing.
  • Validate requests before sending: You can prevent many errors if you validate the data and make sure the format and type of data you’re sending meet the API’s requirements.
  • Handle authentication errors separately: Authentication errors often require different handling, like refreshing tokens or asking the user to log in again. Handle them separately. 
  • Stay updated with API changes: Changes in the API can lead to new errors or feature depreciation, and staying updated helps preemptively adjust your error-handling strategies.
  • Create a contingency plan: Have a plan for when critical errors occur. This might include alternative data sources, notifying users of downtime, or triggering maintenance routines.
  • Test error scenarios: During development, simulate various error conditions to test how your application responds to test error-handling strategies in real-world scenarios.

Do It Right

Understanding common errors like rate limits and authentication problems helps you develop and configure applications to provide a better user experience. Adopt the best practices mentioned in the article for managing errors you encounter while working with TikTok APIs. 

TikTok error handling needs a proactive, problem-solving approach with an ongoing commitment to improving UX. 

At times it becomes tough to work with TikTok because: 

  • Grabbing user data isn’t as easy: You need to have a working prototype of the app, request access permission and its usage, and have 5-7 days of patience to get a response. TikTok will share some feedback; after implementation, you might be able to access TikTok user data. 
  • Migrating to new endpoints when APIs upgrade. Developers need to be vigilant about new updates and constantly meet requirements whenever TikTok deprecates or updates an API. You could re-submit the platform whenever such changes occur.
  • Building complicated systems to poll account data: When you scale over 10K to 15K users, fetching new content or updating existing data becomes tricky. 

Phyllo helps you solve these challenges by providing direct integration with TikTok. You can bypass the approval process, stay carefree about API changes, and scale as you would like Phyllo APIs. 

Contact a Phyllo expert and explore how Phyllo APIs can help you develop more user-friendly applications faster. 

Adarsh Agarwal

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